What is diabetes?

what is diabetes

Diabetes is a state when the amount of glucose (sugar) in our blood is too high that our body cannot use it properly. This condition of high blood sugar is the root of many serious health issues.

There are two types of diabetes –

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

For any kind of diabetes, insulin plays a vital role. Insulin is a hormone; it is produced by Pancreas. For clearly understand diabetes we have to understand the function of insulin in our body.

When we eat food our body breaks that food into sugar or glucose; at that point of time Pancreas releases insulin. Insulin is a key to open our cells to help the glucose enter into them and allow us to use the glucose for energy.

When above system is failed in our body diabetes comes into being.

Type 1 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, our body immune system mistakenly destroys pancreas. It is a disease called “Autoimmune Disease”. As this disease destroys pancreas, no insulin is produced and no glucose can enter into cells as a result. This causes a high level of sugar in our body.

This critical condition can bring about serious consequence like damage of eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart and can also lead to death.

Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 2 Diabetes, our body can produce insulin but not adequately. This inadequate production of insulin is a result of overweight, sedentary lifestyle, drug addiction, alcoholism etc.

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